The curriculum of Shahbag Jamia is divided into the five following branches: 1. General Branch, 2. Girls’ Branch, 3. Hifz (Quran memorizing) Branch, 4. Kindergarten and 5. Qira’at (Phonetics of the Holy Quran).

Traditionally all Qaumi Madrasah in the Himalayan sub-continent follow a syllabus named ‘Dars-i Nizami’, which was formed in the seventeenth century. This syllabus is so fundamental and extraordinary that, with the changing of time, though the lower classes have a scope to add new textbooks and refine old ones, but no reformation is required in its original outline. Some of the notable subjects of this syllabus in Bangladesh are: Quran, Hadith, Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), Tafsir (interpretation of the Holy Quran), Arabic language, grammar and rhetoric, Usul-e Fiqh (Principles of Islamic law), Usul-i Tafsir (Principles of Interpretation of the holy Qur’an), Usul-i-Hadith (Principles of determining the quality of Hadith), partly Bangla-Urdu-English Language, History of Islam, etc. . Like other Qaumi Madrasah in Bangladesh, Shahbag Jamia is also a follower of Dars-i Nizami. However, in order to maintain the best possible coordination with the needs of the time, we take the steps to reform this curriculum specially for lower classes, form a review committee from time to time and initiate necessary corrections and additions. Thus, the refined curriculum of the orphanage branch and primary branch of Shahbag Jamia is the result of our own research and hard work. The syllabus of the girl’s branch is an abbreviation for the ten-year term of this Dars-i Nizami. In addition, there are distinct syllabuses for Tahfiz Al-Quran (Quran memorizing) classes and Dar Al-Qiraat (teaching the perfect pronunciation of the holy Quran) classes run during the month of Ramazan.